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Where is Allah?

Where is Allah? This question is illogical because when
you ask a question which starts with the conjunction where, which is a wh-word,
you certainly are asking about a place and Allah says in Surat-ul-Akhlas:

اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ

 As everybody agrees that Allah does not need any
of his creations and every thing other than him are his creations. So Allah
does not need a place to live which makes this question illogical. Now this
makes us to think about two schools of thought:

1. Allah is everywhere.

2. Allah is on the Arsh.

Now if we analyse the above two thoughts we can
understand that both are relating Allah with a place.

Now let's go through few Ayaah of the Quran:

 

Allah says in the Quran, 50:16

 

 

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ
نَفْسُهُ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

 

Translation is as below: 

 

"And We have already created man and know what his
soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular
vein". 

 

 

And part of Ayat-al-Kursi:

 

وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ الْسَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ


Translation:

His throne extends over the heavens
and the earth

 

Surat-ul-Aaraaf: 54 (part
of Ayat 54):

ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ

Translation:

He rose over (Istawa) the Throne
(really in a manner that suits His Majesty).

 

Before analysing the above ayaah let's go through the
below ayah 3:7:

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ ءَايَاتٌ
مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ
فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ
الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ
وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ ءَامَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ
رَبِّنَا وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

 

Translation:

It is He
who has sent down to you, [O Muhammad], the Book; in it are verses [that are] precise
- they are the foundation of the Book - and others unspecific. As for those in
whose hearts is deviation [from truth], they will follow that of it which is
unspecific, seeking discord and seeking an interpretation [suitable to them].
And no one knows its [true] interpretation except Allah . But those firm in
knowledge say, "We believe in it. All [of it] is from our Lord." And
no one will be reminded except those of understanding.

Once we understand the above ayah of Sura Al- Imran, we
will understand that the three ayaah of quran we went through before:

 

1. Does not mean that Allah is physically closer to you
than your jugular vein. but he is as it suites to his majesty (for 50:16)

 

2. Does not mean that Allah physically extends himself
around the heavens and the earth but his "Ilm" his "qudrat"
do.(for Ayat al Kursi)

 

3. Does not mean that Allah physically rose himself
over the throne.(for 
Surat-ul-Aaraaf, Ayah 54)

 

Few people who try to break the rules of understanding
Quran, translate the Ayah 54 of Surat-ul-Aaraaf without understanding it as
Ayat-e-mutashabehaat (as described in the Quran:3:7) and say that Allah is over
his Arsh (Na'uuzubillaah), they contradict themselves when they would
understand the 50:16, where Allah says he is closer to every man than his
Jugular vein. And they get confused here at the question "whether closer
than Jugular vein or on the Arsh?"

So to answer this question we should deeply think about
the ayah 3:7 of the quraan and read the tafseer of Ibn-e-Abbas R.A. and understand
the sense of Ayaat-e-Mutashabihaat.

Summarising all, we understand that we don't have the understanding to understand the zaat of Allah, we can just think about sifaat
of Allah Ta'ala. describing the base of this thought, Allah says in a part of 
6:103:

 

لَّا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصَارُ

Translation:

Your Eyes can not understand him (Allah).

We can't associate restriction of anything with Allah,
be it anything e.g.; place, time etc..This has been beautifully and deeply
explained by Imam Abu Hanifa in Fiqh-ul-Akbar, few explanations of it's
translation is as follows:

ولاحدله

Translation:

He does not have limits or ends.

Ref: The Core of Tawheed
[monotheism]:: Point number 25

Allah Ta’ala is not attributed with limits nor ends,
because limits, ends, space, place, directions, time, above, below, and
everything else are all His creation. He, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, existed
eternally when nothing else existed, i.e. no place, no space, no directions, no
limits, no above no below, etc.. all those were brought into existence by
Allah, who is not in need of them to exist, and existed before their creation
without needing them. Attributing Allah Ta’ala with being confined to the sky,
heaven, or above the 7th heaven, sitting on a throne, consisting of organs and
limbs, being a mass, governed by space or time, being limited by His
creation….etc., leads to unambiguous blasphemy. Allah is The Creator, and He
does not resemble the creation in anyway. Nothing is like Him.

 

 

 

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